Group dynamics

Tool Description

The activity “Building an object together” helps to address the dynamics of an established team, through creativity and not only words, by literally building an object that represents the life of the group.

Ask each participant to think about the group and about the path, the way it has developed up to this moment. Everyone (individually) uses the material to build a symbolic representation of the whole group. Everybody shows their object: they can only say its title, without commenting on the objects of the others. Ask the participants to create small groups of 5-6 people. Each small group must create a new representation of the group. The group can decide to use everything or just a part of the objects made by the individual participants in the group, or they can do something completely new. 

The participants are invited to think about what they want to create (how they think the group should be represented) before they start to build it. At the end of the activity, each group shows its own product and answers the questions from the participants and the facilitator to clarify the work.

Debriefing about: the final products (what images of the group we came up with), the process itself, the process of decision-making within the group.

There is the possibility to either support or trigger participants in decision-making by offering them to choose a specific role among those given by the facilitator, when starting the group phase (see list of roles at p. 135 of ISSE  manual).



Use manual creativity to discuss and recognize internal group dynamics and to reflect together on the identities of a group. Practicing collective decision-making, collaboration, flexibility, all important elements for the sustainability of an SSE initiative.

Recommended for


2 hours

Background and where it has been employed

Developed within “ISSE - Community Works” Erasmus+ project. It has been used once when testing the activity, during a local event in Athens with a mixed group, some experts on SSE and on NFE, some total beginners.

Material needed

A lot of material, preferably reused, to build objects: scissors, glue, tape, paper, cardboard, fabric, wool filaments, straw, paper box, crepe paper, markers, pencils, eraser, glasses, dishes, etc... Sheet of paper with roles to facilitate the group work (see annexes of the manual) A relatively big space for participants to work alone, initially.

Links and downloads

Download the full ISSE Training Manual: the description of the activity is at p. 66

Created by

Partnership of “ISSE:Community Works” project funded by Erasmus+ (activity proposed by Vedogiovane from Italy)

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